Colour: Yellow, brown
Size: 1.5 to 3.5 mm
Pharaoh ant colonies can consist of thousands of ants, including several queens which make them easy to move to new locations. For this reason it is advisable to have professionals remove an infestation. It is difficult to prove an infestation so it is best to act quickly when you see only a few specimens so as to limit the potential structural damage and contamination to your property. It is best to have a plan when dealing with a pharaoh ant infestation.
Pharaoh Ant Habitat
Pharaoh ants are a tropical species, but they thrive in buildings almost anywhere, even in temperate regions provided central heating is present.
Pharaoh Ant Life Cycle
The pharaoh ant queen can lay hundreds of eggs in her lifetime. Most lay 10 to 12 eggs per batch in the early days of egg production and only four to seven eggs per batch later. At 27 °C (80 °F) and 80 percent relative humidity, eggs hatch in five to seven days. The larval period is 18 to 19 days, pre-pupal period three days and pupal period nine days. About four more days are required to produce sexual female and male forms. From egg to sexual maturity, it takes the pharaoh ant about 38 to 45 days, depending on temperature and relative humidity. They breed continuously throughout the year in heated buildings and mating occurs in the nest. Mature colonies contain several queens, winged males, workers, eggs, larvae, pre-pupae and pupae
Pharaoh Ant Prevention
Practice proper sanitation. Limit rears within you home where food is consumed. Seal or caulk gaps and cracks in the foundation, baseboards, window frames, and door frames with caulk or other appropriate material to eliminate ant entryways. Materials such as stacked or piled lumber, stones, bricks, leaf litter, heavy mulch, and other debris that serve as potential ant harborages should be removed as far from the structure as possible. Keep branches of trees, shrubs, and other vegetation that may serve as ant highways trimmed back from structure. Repair leaky pipes and faucets.
Ant Service Prep Guide
There are many things that should be done to prepare for an ant treatment. For the full list of ways to make your ant treatment successful, view our Ant Service Preparation Guide.
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